Useful information about Tibet
As per current tourist visa regulation must obtain visit Tibet Group Visa (Visa issued on a separate sheet) of the Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu and the Chinese Embassy in extranjero.Visa paper issued is known as Group visa and valid for single pax immigration también.Tibet not accept Chinese visa stamped in the passport for the customer to visit Tibet as a tourist.
- China Embassy Visa Section in Kathmandu, is open every Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 1000 hours to 1100 hours and is known as a working day. Chinese Embassy in Kathmandu has at least three clear working days for obtaining Visa China Normal Group
- Normal entry Visa for all except American citizens will be $ 120. - Net per person including emergency charge. Normal entry Visa for American National will be $ 210. - Net per person. (Visa fee subject to change) Emergency Visa can be issued within a working day on payment of Visa emergency charge of $ 17. - Net per person. (All visa fees are subject to change)
- Following documents are required for obtaining Visa China. Original passport current travel permit to Tibet, Travel Tibet invitation letter issued by China Tibet Tourism Bureau (CTTB) and the list of visitors, duly endorsed by TTB.Se requires passport details of full name such as passport ( please mention the names of half as well), sex, nationality, date of birth, passport number, occupation, etc., along with a photocopy of your passport for processing various Tibet travel documents.
- Photographs are not normally required for group visa, but it is advisable to bring two passport photos, which can sometimes be very useful. The final confirmation of the tour are required to Tibet Visa processing approval letter.
- Enclosed, please find a Tibet Group Visa for your ready reference. Please fill out the form and send as an attachment to e-mail.
- While in normal Chinese Embassy visits the group problem for tourists visiting Tibet, a longer than normal visa issuing singles and allow entry of Tibet.
- According to China's policy Embassey new visa now customers need to place your original passport 5 days prior to China Embassy in Kathmandu.
Little is known of Tibet before the seventh century. From this century until the tenth century Tibet was an independent country where land was owned by noble families, Buddhist monasteries and small landowners. This form of society remained until 1930. At that time 700,000 people were slaves in a total population of 1.5 million inhabitants.
In the thirteenth century Tibet was dominated by the Mongol Empire, founding the Yuan and Ching, joining native Ming dynasty, founded by the Han rulers Mongols gave great autonomy secular school of Sa-skya of Tibetan Buddhism . For three centuries Tibet remained governed by secular dynasties. In the sixteenth century, Altan Khan of the Mongol tribe Turnet, gave support to the Dalai Lama's religious government, Buddhism remains the dominant religion among Mongols and Tibetans. In the seventeenth century the Jesuit António de Andrade managed to cross the Himalayan mountains and penetrate Tibet, becoming the first European to do so.
At the beginning of the eighteenth century China Chinese sent a commissioner to Lhasa to take over the government. Tibetan factions rebelled against the commissioner, who was murdered. Later Qing army invaded Tibet and defeated the rebels, reinstalling another commissioner. Two thousand Chinese soldiers remained in Tibet and his defensive work was supported by local forces organized by the commissioner.
In 1904 the British sent a strong military contingent and invaded Lhasa, forcing in this way the opening of the border between India (then a British colony) and Tibet. In 1906 the British signed a treaty with China whereby Tibet became a British protectorate.
In 1907 a new treaty was signed between Britain, China and Russia which gave China's sovereignty over Tibet. In 1910 the Qing central government first exercised direct rule over Tibet. However, in 1911 the outbreak of the civil war in China forced the country's troops stationed in Tibet to return to that country, seized the opportunity Dalai Lama to restore its control over Tibet. In 1913, Tibet and Mongolia signed an agreement recognizing each other's independence from China. In 1914 he negotiated a treaty between China, Tibet and Britain called Simla Convention. During this convention the British invaders tried to divide Tibet into two regions, which was unsuccessful. But representatives of Tibet and Britain signed an agreement on the back of China, by which Tibet would be an autonomous region of China and the British would be awarded 90,000 square kilometers of traditional Tibetan territory that corresponds to the current state of Arunachal Pradesh. After India declared independence, this nation considered this region for himself according to the boundary set out in that treaty. China, however, rejected this position, stating that the treaty had no validity because it was not signed by them and not Tibet was an independent nation, but a protectorate of China. The dispute over the region caused the war between China and India in 1962.
At the outbreak of Xinhai Revolution and World War Tibet lost interest for the Western powers and China. At this juncture the thirteenth Dalai Lama of Tibet took the government without interference from other countries.
In 1950 the Chinese army entered Tibet, easily defeating the Tibetan army weak. In 1951 he drafted the Plan for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet, which was signed by representatives of the Dalai Lama and the Panchen Lama under pressure from the Chinese government. This plan provided for the administration of the Chinese government with the government of Tibet. At that time the majority of Tibetans living under bondage because most of the land was owned by lamas. The plan was implemented but not all over, because the regions of Eastern Kham and Amdo were considered Chinese provinces, carrying out a radical reform of land tenure. In June 1956 as a result of this reform, a rebellion broke out in these two regions, which, backed by the CIA, was extended to Lhasa. The Chinese army succeeded in crushing the rebellion in 1959, in military actions that caused the death of thousands of Tibetans. The fourteenth Dalai Lama and his top aides fled to India, where rebels continued to support actions against the Chinese army until 1969 when he left to help the CIA and other powers occidenciales not collaborated.
Although the Panchen Lama was virtually imprisoned in Lhasa, the Chinese showed him as the head of Tibet's government in the absence of the Dalai Lama, who traditionally had been the ruler of the region. In 1965 China introduced substantial changes when dispossessed of land to the lamas and secular education introduced. During the Cultural Revolution in China Tibet suffered serious damage to its cultural heritage, including its Buddhist heritage. More than 6,000 Buddhist monasteries were destroyed and several Buddhist monks were killed or captured.
Since 1979, economic reforms have been doing, but not political. Nominally religious freedom has been restored, but the conditions and limitations are important as the prohibition to challenge lamas of China's right to rule Tibet or persecution to which is subjected the Catholic Church in China.
In 1989 the Panchen Lama died, and the Dalai Lama and the Chinese government recognized different reincarnations. Respecting the religion of the Tibetans, the Chinese government officially recognized the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama, according to Vajrayana Buddhist tradition. To do this they used the procedure used in the Qing dynasty by which the Panchen Lama was chosen in a lottery using a golden urn where the name of the Panchen Lama possible balls were inserted into barley. Meanwhile the Dalai Lama named Gedhun Choeky Nyima as the eleventh Panchen Lama, while the Chinese government chose Gyancain boy named Norbu. Gyancain raised in Beijing and very rarely appears in public. Choeky and his family, according to Tibetan exiles, seem to be prisoners. The Chinese government says it is free under a false identity in order to protect your privacy.
Historic Tibet consisted of 2.5 million km ² at an average altitude of over 4,000 m. Currently, Tibet is divided into three provinces: Amdo (in the northeast), Kham (the easternmost) and U-Tsang (southwest).
The Tibetan landscape is breathtaking. In Tibet and the Brahmaputra rivers are born (Tsangpo in Tibetan), Yangtze (drichu) or Indo (Senge Khabab). Currently there is a serious problem with the location of nuclear waste in Tibet and with the massive deforestation that is taking place in the area. We also noticed a strong exploitation of mineral resources. The great danger is that Tibetan ecosystem is valuable but, at the same time, extremely delicate and fragile.
Cultivated grains such as wheat, corn or barley. They also grow mustard, cabbage, cauliflower, coriander, potato, rice, sugar beet and snuff among others.
In Tibet grow fruit trees such as apple and cherry trees and others like chestnut and walnut, to name a few. A widely cultivated plant is undoubtedly tea (in its many varieties). Many of the plants that grow there are used for medicine, as there are more than two thousand of them to treat cancer, ulcers, malaria, diabetes, anemia, tuberculosis.
Lots of variety of animals: 40 endemic species of mammals, 23 birds, 2 reptiles and 10 amphibians. Some are: yak, Tibetan antelope, the giant panda, the red panda and the Himalayan marmot. Most of the Tibetan wildlife is concentrated in the wetter areas of the east and south.
The biodiversity of the Tibetan Plateau has unique characteristics, but it is not easy to measure the level of degradation due to restrictions for independent measurement. Radical changes in the natural environment could affect the Tibetan monsoon-dependent crops of India, Nepal, Thailand, Burma, China and other Asian countries, and which originates in Tibet. This is very important for Tibetans .
Books and newspapers can be purchased and written Tibetan language there are several radio and television channels in this language. In 2007 he opened the first television station that broadcasts 24 hours a day in Tibetan.
Chinese investments in the autonomous province have grown dramatically and this has resulted in the construction of roads, airports, power plants, bridges and railways. In 2007 began transtibetano railway operations, which has brought thousands of new tourists to Lhasa, not without controversy by religious sectors.
Tibet's economy has traditionally been based on traditional activities such as agriculture, livestock, wool spinning, forestry and handicrafts. Have recently been discovered in Tibet modest deposits of copper, lead, zinc, chromium, gold, aluminum and oil, which has caused several companies, both domestic and foreign are interested in doing more extensive studies in the area. Tibet also has one of only five lithium deposits in the world, used in medical equipment, heavy industry and recently in electric car batteries and mobile computing devices, making it a strategic site.
Because of the high altitude and harsh environmental conditions of Tibet, its cuisine is very rich in calories, proteins and fats. The daily diet of Tibetan nomads is based on two energy-rich foods: the tsampa, usually consisting of roasted barley flour fire, and Tibetan tea (CHAS), which is tea with yak butter and salt. Other dishes are prepared, for example, the thukpa (vegetable soup, meat and pasta) and momo (pasta shaped ravioli-sized larger than a kibble-stuffed with meat or vegetables, steamed facts) and the khabse (biscuits). Also eat yak meat, sheep or goat. Also take advantage of the milk to make lassi, yogurt smoothie and a little honey with beef.
Education is bilingual and simultaneously Tibetan children learn Mandarin Chinese and Tibetan. In the Tibetan language, the words are usually monosyllabic although a suffix is added if it is normally called masculine, feminine, plural, verb, etc.. The Tibetan alphabet comes from the time of King Songtsen Gampo. This king (who introduced Buddhism to Tibet) sent a group of scholars to India to study Buddhist texts and translated into the Tibetan language. Moreover, these scholars should study in detail the Indian alphabets. They chose the brahmi and modifying it, created the Tibetan alphabet.
Mahayana Buddhism entered Tibet by Guru Rinpoche in the eighth century. Existed before the Bon tradition. With the rise of Buddhism, the ancient tradition almost disappeared, although it was later recovered and was founded 300 monasteries. Part of the belief created Bön Tibetan Buddhism. The Mahayana or Great Vehicle search is not limited to personal liberation, but aims to expand the knowledge gained and show the way to all beings. This vehicle takes different forms in different cultures: the Zen in Japan, Tantra or Vajrayana in Tibet.
Except Hotel in the city of Lhasa, accommodation available in all other places are quite modest, but with attached bathrooms and hot and cold running water, except in Zhangmu and Hotel Qmolongma. These two baths are connected hotels, but heats the water in the small cube. Single rooms are available upon request and availability only.
Mostly without paved roads in Tibet - the time due road conditions can sometimes be blocked by flash floods, landslides or falling snow that we will not be able to know in advance.
Month precipitation avrg. (Cel) (mm) Sol (Hours)
Temp Month avrg. (Cel) Rainfall (mm) Sunshine (Hrs) Jan -2.3 0.2 251.4 February 1.1 0.5 226.4
Mar 4.5 1.5 241.8
April 3.8 4.5 244.1
May 12.3 25.4 284.5
June 15.4 77.1 227.2
July 15.1 129.1 224.8
Aug 14.3 138.7 221.4
Sep 12.7 56.3 238.3
October 8.2 7.9 285.9
November 2.3 1.6 271.0
Dec -1.7 0.5 261.0
L7.5 446.6 3007.8 Annual
We would like to inform you that the trip to Tibet can be quite rough and difficult. High, owing to the travelers with pre-existing heart problems, lung or anemia should definitely consult with your doctor before this trip. Travelers should have clothes consisting of layers that can be added or removed as the temperature varies during the day. It should carry a windbreak hot pants and a thick sweater with comfortable shoes, sun block, sun glasses, a lip balm, a hat, tissue paper, flashlights, can openers, personal medications, including aspirin / Diamox, some groceries / Cookies etc. On this trip, the effort should be avoided and drink plenty of fluids is recommended. During the winter, heavy outerwear is a must.
Encases the road is blocked by landslides / flash floods or snow between Lhasa and Tibet / Nepal border (Kodari) as well as between Kodari to Kathmandu, or vice versa, additional transportation / rental expenses incurred for local transportation will be borne by the passenger directly.
Note that it is advisable to keep U.S. $ 40.00 net per person in portering and contingencies.
Please note in Tibet, the amount of insurance coverage is very low, as such, customers must have their own insurance. Agents do not pay any claim Tibetans however logical the claim may be. It is also possible that some parts of the route can not be allowed to visit due to the sudden decision of the government.
Although Tibet request Agent to provide better guidance, even the best guides will not same quality as guides in Nepal or India.
Reasonably comfortable. Condition by long hard road, sometimes the microphone malfunction. Since the tourism infrastructure is not well developed in Tibet do not expect that services in other countries. Please note this is regulation from now, are subject to change without notice. Customers traveling to Tibet at their own risk at all times.