Nepal

Useful information about Nepal

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic. This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys

-Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a potpourri of ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 70 languages ​​and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else in the world. And you can join in the numerous annual festivals that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.

The most exciting titles with which Nepal has been admired and praised by many travel writers renowned in recognition of its cultural wealth.

  • Shangri-La
  • Roof of the World
  • Birthplace of the Apostle of Peace
  • Country living goddess
  • City of golden pagodas and umbrellas
  • Himalayan Pilgrimage
  • Nature amphitheater
  • Melting Pot of Hinduism and Buddhism
  • A small kingdom of 36 ethnic groups and 75 spoken languages
  • Birthplace of Sita
  • Shiva-Residence
  • Land of mysticism and exoticism
  • Earth non-stop party
Nepal - occupying only 0.1% of the earth - is home to:
2% of all flowering plants in the world
8% of the world's population of birds (over 848 species)
4% of mammals on earth
11 of 15 families in the world of butterflies (more than 500 species)
600 families of native plants
319 species of exotic orchids
Area: 147,181 sq km
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the South
Location: Latitude: 26 ° 12 'and 30 ° 27' North Longitude: 80 ° 4 'to 88 ° 12' East.
Population: 23 million
People: More than 60 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages
Language: Nepali
Climate: subtropical in low lands Arctics at higher altitudes

Political system: multiparty democracy with a constitutional monarchy. National Bird: Pheasant Impean (DANFE).
National Flower: Rhododendron arboretum (Lali Gurans).

Topography: From the worlds deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to the highest point on earth "The Everest".
Vegetation: Nepal possesses some of the most prominent of biodiversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical forests to alpine desert.

Tiger, Rhino, Snow - leopard, red panda, brown bear, the Assam macaque, Gangetic dolphin, wolf, wild elephant, giant horn-bill, swamp deer, wild yak, Tibetan antelope, Black buck, four horned antelope, Musk deer, Pigmy hog, HaspID hare, Pangolin, Gharial, Indian bustard, Saras crane, pheasant Impean, Python.

A horned rhino, Royal Bengal tiger, snow leopard, cloudy, leopard, red panda, blue sheep, long-nosed fish eating gharial elephant, wild buffalo, bison, blue bull, brown bear , leopard, crocodiles and many varieties of cats, dogs, deer and antelope families and 840 species of birds wet land, migratory and residential

Our heritage is alive and dynamic. Shamanism, Pan-animism and witch craft are still practiced in remote regions. Temples, shrines, monuments and monasteries are extremely active with devotees burning butter-lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums.

You can fly directly to Kathmandu from London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, Amsterdam, Doha, Dubai, Dhaka, Karachi, Munich, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Paro, Lhasa, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Bangalore, New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Calcutta and Varanasi. Charter flights can also be arranged for large movements. All have business class flights and services of international standards. Many times, the captain offers a Himalayan guide at no extra charge!

Royal Nepal Airlines, Thai Airways, Qatar Airways, Indian Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Biman Bangladesh, Gulf Air, Air India, Air Sahara, Jet Airways, Austrian Air, Martinair, Air China, Druk Air fly to Nepal regularly.

Rates fluctuate with changes in exchange rates and must be paid in foreign currency by foreign nationals. Only nationals of Nepal and India are allowed to pay in rupees for air passage between Nepal and India. Departure flight tickets should be reconfirmed three days in advance to avoid inconveniences by possible flight cancellation or changes in flight schedules. Overweight baggage fees are charged in foreign currency.

Customs: All baggage must be declared and customs clearance on arrival at the port of entry. Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick cleaning without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to go through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.

Import: Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty cigarettes (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls ). You can also bring in the following items duty-free as long as you take them with you when you leave: binoculars, camera, film or video, camera, laptop, and portable music system.

Export: It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old (sacred images, paintings, manuscripts) that are valued for culture and religious reasons. Visitors are advised not to purchase such items as they are Nepal's cultural heritage and belong here. The Department of Archaeology (tel: 4213701, 4213702) in the Path near Singha Durbar Ramshah has to certify all metal statues, sacred paintings and similar objects before they can be shipped or carried outside the country. Traders of handicrafts and travel agencies are able to help in this process. For more information on customs matters, contact the Chief Customs Administrator, TIA Customs, tel: 4470110, 4472266.

Nepal experiences four seasons of spring (March to May), summer (June-August), autumn (September-November) and winter (December-February).

Mes

Kathmandu

Pokhara

Chitwan

 

Max

min

Max

Min

Max

Min

January

19

2

20

8

24

7

February

20

4

21

8

26

8

March

25

8

27

11

33

12

April

30

11

30

16

35

18

May

30

16

30

19

35

20

June

30

20

30

20

35

23

July

20

21

30

21

33

24

August

29

20

30

21

33

24

September

27

19

29

20

32

22

October

23

15

27

18

31

18

November

23

4

23

11

29

12

December

20

2

20

8

24

8

Lluvias - (in mm.)

Months

Kathmandu

Pokhara

Chitwan

January

25

15

10

February

25

15

10

March

75

30

10

April

50

50

15

May

100

300

200

June

225

575

300

July

375

800

500

August

360

700

450

September

175

575

400

October

50

220

100

November

10

20

5

December

10

5

5

Entry procedures and visa regulations
Gratis visa for all tourists who visit Nepal for 3 days or less.
Free visa for tourists of SAARC countries and the People's Republic of China.

Nepal has every category of accommodation facilities that range from international standard hotels to budget hotels and lodges. In order to have an assured quality service, it is advisable to use the facilities and services of government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies, licensed tour guides and only hire an authorized trekking guide or porter only through online travel agency and trekking agency.

In recent decades Kathmandu and Pokhara with the rest of Nepal has seen proliferation of world-class hotels. During spring and autumn, the best hotels are working at full capacity and are booked well in advance. There are, however, plenty of less glamorous hotels, but decent for everyone fantasies and finance. Most hotels offer a choice: bed and breakfast, bed, breakfast and one other meal, or full board accommodation. The published rates however are room only unless otherwise noted. In addition to the officially recognized hotels, there are a number of small rooms available US lodge $ 5 and $ 10 a night depending on the facilities, toilets and showers are generally communal and heating is extra. These small hostelries are located in the older parts of Kathmandu and in the Thamel district.

Even in the remote parts of Nepal, the arrival of tourists in recent years has led to local people paying attention to tourist facilities, therefore, what accommodation and meals for tourists more accessible than before

Royal Nepal Airlines (RA) has an extensive network of air services within Nepal. Is scheduled connecting flights from Kathmandu to Taplejung, Bhadrapur and Rajbiraj, Bhojpur, Phaplu, Lukla, Lamidanda, Tunmlingtar, Rumjatar, Simara Biratnagar, Janakpur, Ramechhap, Bharatpur, Meghauli, Pokhara, Jomsom, Manang, Baglung. Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj Chaurjhahari, Surkhet, Dang, Dolpa, Jumla, Bajura, Baitadi, Dipayal, Darchula, Mahendranagar, Dhangadi, Tikapur and Sanfebagar. Besides RA, other domestic airlines such as Buddha Air, Cosmic Air, Gorkha Airlines, Sita Air, Skyline Airlines and Yeti Airways provide scheduled and charter services to popular domestic destinations.

Qatar Airways, Gulf Air, Thai Airways, Etihad Airways, Air China, Singapore Airlines Dragonair, PIA, Korean Air, JetLite India, Air Arabia, China Southern, Oman Air, China Eastern, Jet Airways of India, SpiceJet of India, SilkAir, Biman Bangladesh, Bahrain Air, Flydubai, IndiGo India, Bhutan Druk Air, Air India, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Cathay Pacific

There are many buses, minibuses and microbuses in Ratnapark (old Bus Park) which depart to different destinations in the valley. Safa tempo battery charge is available in Kathmandu for travelers.

Consult Kathmandu Valley map to find out the address of your destination. Call a taxi, which is easily recognizable by its taxi sign on the top plate and black. As a general guide, a trip into the city costs between Rs. 20 / - 200 / - (depending on the distance). The tip is not expected. A metered taxi from the airport to the center costs around Rs. 200 to Rs. 400. Private taxis may charge slightly higher than ordinary taxis. There is also a provision night taxi service operated by major hotels. The price is slightly higher than the metered taxi. One can rent a private car through a travel agent or a car rental company.

Mountain bikes are cheap and common bikes and the best way of transportation for economy tourists. One can hire in Thamel, Rani Pokhari and Jhochhen.

Day long distance night bus services are available from Kathmandu to all cities of Nepal. A new bus park has been built in Gongabu on the ring road near Balaju from where the different destinations. Six seater Tata Sumo van, van 12 seater, air conditioning, mini-bus are also available for long distance travel

Credit cards and foreign currency Payment in hotels, travel agencies and airlines are made in foreign currency. Credit cards such as American Express, Master and Visa are widely accepted at major hotels, shops and restaurants. Remember to keep the receipt for payment of Foreign Exchange, while foreign exchange payments or transferring foreign currency into Nepalese rupees. The receipts may be needed to change left-over Nepalese Rupees into hard currency before leaving the country. However, only 10 percent of the total amount may be converted by the bank. ATM is widely used in Kathmandu. Major banks, hotels and exchange counters at Tribhuvan Airport provide services for exchanging foreign currency.

The exchange rates are published in English dailies like The Himalayan Times, The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post. NRs are in denominations of 1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. Coins are in denominations of 10 paisa, 25 and 50. One rupee is equal to 100 paisa. The Indian currency: banknotes of 10, 20, 50 100 are valid in Nepal.

Nepal is five hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT.
Business hours within the Valley: Government offices are open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday in the Kathmandu Valley. Outside the Kathmandu Valley it opens on Sunday also. Banks are open from Sunday through Friday from 10 am to 3:30 pm. open until 12 pm until Friday. Most business offices are open from 10 am to 5 pm Sunday through Friday. Embassies and international organizations are open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday. Most shops open after 10 am and close at 8 pm and are usually closed on Saturdays.

Business hours outside the Valley: Government offices outside Kathmandu valley open from 10 am to 5 pm from Sunday to Thursday. Fridays are open until 3 pm. Banks are open from Sunday to Thursday from 10 am to 3 pm. On Fridays, banks remain open until 12 pm only. Sales offices are open from 10 am to 5 pm Sunday through Friday. Embassies and international organizations are open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday. Most shops open after 10 am and close at 8 pm and are usually closed on Saturdays.
Holidays: Nepal observes numerous holidays, at least a couple in a month. So please check the holiday calendar. Government offices observe all the national holidays and banks observe most of them. Businesses observe major holidays only

Postal Services: The Central Post Office near Dharahara Tower, is open from 9 am to 5 pm Monday through Friday. The counters are open from 7 am to 4 pm and provide stamps, postcards and aerogrammes. Remaining message is available Monday through Friday from 9 am to 5 pm Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at GPO and at Thamel, Basantapur and airport postal counters.

Telephone Services: Telephone, fax, telex and telegraph services are available at the Nepal Telecommunications Corporation in Tripureshwar. Hotels and private communications centers provide long distance calls.

Internet Services: Several Internet cafes and communication centers have opened up in the Valley and around the country in recent years. Visitors only have to find a place where they feel more comfortable to access the facilities to keep in touch with home. Email services and Internet are also offered by hotels.

Media: Nepali media has accelerated light years in just a few years and it used to be a controlled and tight knit community, is so no more. The government audio and television news networks are Radio and Television of Nepal, Nepal, respectively. However, numerous FM radio stations and upcoming regional television stations are dominating the market. Major newspapers are Gorkhapatra and Kantipur Nepali, while English dailies are The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post and The Himalayan. A number of other newspapers and magazines are also available.

Electricity: major cities have electricity and the voltage available is 220 volts and 50 cycles. Load shedding is sometimes experienced. However, most major hotels have installed their own generators

Insurance
A travel insurance policy that covers the treatment of theft, loss and the doctor recommended. Make sure the insurance also covers the activities carried out during your stay in Nepal such as trekking or river rafting. Immunization
Nepal does not require any particular vaccine for visiting. Vaccinations for cholera, meningitis binding globulin, tetanus and diphtheria, typhoid and Gamma should be considered for your trip. Please consult your doctor and get a complete check before departure.

  • The form of greeting in Nepal is "NAMASTE" and is performed by joining the palms.
  • Before entering a Nepalese home, temple, and stupa remember to remove your shoes.
  • Do not touch anything with your feet. This is considered an offense among Nepalese.
  • While traveling dress appropriately. Women in particular should avoid dressing in skimpy outfits.
  • Request permission before entering a Hindu temple. Many Hindu temples do not allow westerners or non-Hindus to enter.
  • leather goods are prohibited to be taken inside the temple compound.
  • Walking around temples or stupas is traditionally done clockwise.
  • Take photographs only after receiving permission for the object or person being photographed.
  • Develop a genuine interest to meet and talk with the people of Nepal and respect their local customs.
  • Please ensure that all your travel documents, including passports, visas and tickets are in order and by hand before leaving for the airport. Take special care to keep your documents safe throughout the journey.