Useful information about Bhutan
Bhutan - Land of the Thunder Dragon is one of the most exotic destinations in the world today. This kingdom, often referred to as the last Shangri-la, is a land of exceptional people, amazing scenery and natural wonders and a proud and vibrant culture. A unique and rare that few have had the privilege of visiting.
Nestled among the world's giants, India and the Tibetan region of China, Bhutan is now slowly opening up to the world through a sensible approach to tourism.
Now you can discover the cultural and natural wonders of this last remaining Mahayana Buddhist Himalayan Kingdom. Here is a kingdom that has just launched the veil of mystery, and to open its doors to visitors.
Bhutan has a pristine environment, almost no pollution, and a living culture in festivals and cultural events are a part of everyday life and not creations for tourism. Let us take care of your needs on your tour of this small kingdom known.
- The best way to enter Bhutan is by Drukair, the airlines operating only in Bhutan. The following cities are connected with flights to Bhutan Drukair:
- India: Delhi (DEL), Calcutta (CCU) and Gaya (GAY)
- Nepal: Kathmandu (KTM)
- Bangladesh: Dhaka (DAC)
- Thailand: Bangkok (BKK)
- As Drukair flights may be delayed due to weather in the monsoon season (July and August), it is advisable to maintain a 24-hour period before onward international connections.
- Bhutan travelers can arrange their flights Drukair. For reservations Drukair that require your full name as in your passport. Let Drukair purchase tickets and send to you in advance.
Both input and output can be done by land through two cities Boder. Phuntsholing, southern border town on the west by the Indian state of West Bengal. You can enter / exit Bhutan overland from the Indian state of West Bengal in Phuntsholing, a border town in southwest Bhutan. Four hours drive from Phuntsholing will take you to Bagdogra in West Bengal (India), which is the nearest airport from Phuntsholing. Phuntsholing serves as a convenient point for travelers wishing to visit the Indian states of Sikkim, West Bengal along with Bhutan. The drive from Phuntsholing to Thimphu takes six hours.
Samdrup Jongkhar, southern border town on the east by the Indian state of Assam. Samdrup Jongkhar is in the southeast, 110 km from Guwahati, India, which is the closest airport to Guwahati. From Guwahati, can fly to other Indian cities like Delhi, Bombay or Calcutta and forward flight connections. This output is more convenient if travelers do not want to travel and the side track at the same stop of flights and does not want to give up Assam trips to Bhutan.
Bhutan Travel Information
You can visit Bhutan at any time of year. Visitors tend to stay away during the monsoon months of June, July and August, when the weather is sometimes a bit wet for sightseeing. The best time for hiking is in spring and autumn. Therefore, the months of March, April, May and September, October, November.
Bhutan offers hotels generally modest but clean. There are none of the chain hotels in Bhutan although a couple of high-end stations have opened in some districts. Bhutan puts travelers in the best hotels that are rated and approved by the Royal Government. Visitors are advised not to expect luxury and services of a five star hotel. Local hospitality of Bhutan is, however, a vision of a society where tourism may be a new company, but where visitors are greeted with genuine warmth and friendliness.
In general, tourist facilities and services are good in western Bhutan, but the quality of service and facilities decreases the further east you go. This is because tourism is less developed in the farthest east.
Travellers Bhutan organizes comfortable passenger coaster buses for groups of seven or more visitors. He will also travel comfortably across the country in six seater buses Japanese ace high. Smaller groups of one to two passengers to discover the country in 4WD vehicles.
A variety of meals are available in most hotels - the most popular being Indian, Chinese, Continental food and more common. No vegetarian dishes are generally available in most parts of Bhutan - pork, beef, chicken and fish. The best advice is to ask the hotel and restaurant to recommend what is fresh and seasonal.
Bachelor Bhutan travel guides will introduce you to the many facets of this interesting country. English-speaking guides regular training and, where necessary, specialized guides will take you on birding, botany or other special tours.
Although the system of "give and take" is always there in the tradition of Bhutan, tipping is not compulsory. But if you want to appreciate the services of our guides, drivers and service staff that you can tip them according to his will .
The people's sexual preferences are considered personal matters and not concerned over Bhutan. The people of Bhutan, however, is not used to open the intimate behavior. Sometimes you meet people from the hands of the same gender exploitation, but not necessarily gay or lesbian.
Ngultrum is the currency of Bhutan. It is equivalent to the Indian rupee, which is widely accepted across Bhutan. You can buy ngultrum at Paro Airport, Bhutan National Bank and the Bank of Bhutan. You can also buy all the hotels, but the exchange rate is slightly higher than banks. We recommend you bring travelers checks or cash dollars are widely accepted.
Available in large cities of Paro Thimphu ATMs. If you have a Visa card with PIN codes, can cash money from ATMs points. Credit cards are accepted in very few hotels and shops. All credit card transactions take time and are difficult to use. For convenience, it is preferable to have travelers checks and cash dollars.
Bhutan uses a 240 V system. The power supply is generally good, but may be less stable in the smaller towns outside the capital, Thimphu. If you are using computers and other sensitive equipment, be prepared for fluctuations and spikes. Many rural areas still have no electricity, although some farms have solar electrification.
Indians used ssockets Bhutan plug pin round. You can find adapters in many hardware stores in the capital, Thimphu.
At present, they are not required to undergo any vaccinations to travel to Bhutan. However, before you go, you can consult your doctor if any of immunization against preventable diseases is necessary. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides up to date travel information about diseases that you may need to immunize yourself against when planning your trip to Bhutan.
Bhutan has good health coverage and all regions with hospitals and Basic Health Units. Major medical stores are concentrated only in Thimphu and if you want to buy any medication, you can do in Thimphu.
There is very little crime rate in Bhutan and is safe for women travelers. No sexual harassment of women in Bhutan generally enjoy a good reputation in society. Since all the tourists have a travel guide, there is little chance to get through the unpleasant incidents. Women are, however, advised them to take universal precautions when in crowded places of entertainment at night, especially when in nightclubs or bars, or walking home late at night. Sometimes stray dogs could pose a problem on the streets at night. Please visit the link U.S. State Department Consular Information Sheet for information in depth and updated information on travel to Bhutan.
In our cultural trips that do not reach heights of over 3400 meters and all our tours ranging from 3500-5500 meters. Since we have no case of altitude sickness in Bhutan, although the altitude in Bhutan is higher than many are accustomed. The signs of altitude sickness are headache, nausea, loss of appetite and fatigue. You can log on to the International Society for Mountain Medicine for more information on altitude sickness and prevention.
All visitors are advised to get their insurance coverage from their own country and insurance of any kind is not included in our tour price.
The tourism industry in Bhutan is founded on the principle of sustainability, meaning that tourism must be environmentally and ecologically, socially and culturally acceptable and economically viable. For this reason the number of tourists visiting Bhutan is kept to a manageable environment through government regulated tourist tariff.
It is mandatory to organized tours through any of the registered operators in Bhutan and other missions or embassies to organize your trip to Bhutan.
Visitors are advised to wear comfortable as Bhutan is generally a formal place. Shorts, skirts and revealing tight clothing should be avoided.
The Bhutanese people carry their traditional evening wear and formal wear for dzongs and temples. Visitors must wear long pants (even jeans), shirts with long sleeves and formal skirts below the knees to these places. Shoes and sandals are not recommended. Sun caps are also not allowed inside Dzongs and temples.
Bhutanese have a different way of greeting people, sometimes with a slight nod of the head or tilt slightly if we are older, older people. Guests are encouraged to respect the local protocol and not to talk too loudly when it meets in Bhutan. A nod also evident when you meet people, especially in towns and cities outside Thimphu. Privacy in public, generally not appreciated.
The export of antiques is prohibited by law. Visitors must buy unique artifacts that have been certified for sale and for export. The government provides an official stamp certifying that artifacts can be drawn from Bhutan.
Bhutan is perhaps one of the most photogenic places in the world. The landscape, nature, architecture and people make it a paradise for photographers. People are happy to pose for photos, but do not ask before if you are focusing on one person. Photography is not allowed inside dzongs, monasteries and temples, as it is considered living institutions. You can use your camcorder for recording your events on tour (except in restricted places mentioned), but there is a set of rules for the commercial shoot. We recommend you bring your own camera equipment and needs. Movies and camera batteries are usually available only in large cities. Slide film is generally not available to bring plenty of rolls of slides if you're shooting slides.
The ancient period of Bhutan, dating from the beginning to the eighth century, was characterized by rural settlements, the domestication of animals, agriculture, the first advent of Buddhism and the later buildings of Buddhist temples.
The visit of Guru Padmasambhava and other Buddhist saints and scholars from India and Tibet Bhutan marked the Middle Ages. The emergence of the dominant clans and development of the arts and architecture were also observed during this period.
Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, a leader of the Drukpa sect, came to Bhutan in the 17th century. He introduced the dual system of government for the first time a degree of stability has been maintained, which was not seen before. But this will not last long. After the death of Ngawang Namgyal, the successors became victims of intrigue and rivalries. Instability continued until the early 20th century.
Country's modern era began with the establishment of the monarchy in Bhutan. The Chief powerful Bhutan, Ugyen Wangchuck was crowned as the first hereditary ruler of Bhutan in 1907. The country's self-imposed isolation policy continued until the reign of King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk third. He decided to throw this secular policy and introduced the country to the outside world, bringing the country into the international mainstream.
Although the country is known as Bhutan to the outside world, to Bhutan has been known as "Land of the Thunder Dragon 'Druk Yul. Persons Drukpas call themselves.
His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, King of Bhutan, is the founder of this philosophy - Gross National Happiness. This leads to the thought is based on the idea that there is something embedded phenomena that may promote the happiness of the people not only through material comforts, but also through shared spiritual values. This is an unquantifiable ultimate goal of every human being. In Bhutan this philosophy is used as the fundamental political thought and purpose in government, while other economic variables and material elements are used as tools to increase or to do. It's about getting the balance between happiness achieved through material benefits and spiritual fulfillment. This balance may be a result of the beliefs of a modern material comfort has not increased proportionally happiness. If progress made by economic prosperity can be used as criteria development, unquantifiable spiritual happiness can also be used as an indicator of development and progress.
The development of Buddhist philosophy can be attributed to the "individual enlightenment", which can be achieved by creating a harmonious psychological environment, social and economic.
Believe on the minimization of egotism and building a happier network of human relationships and transform man into a force of less intrusive and destructive to the natural environment.
In short, Gross National Happiness is a holistic and multidimensional-to progress, in order to maintain a balance between the material and spiritual reconciliation.
In any case, the gross national happiness presupposes that there is something called "happiness" once you have a balance between material and spiritual desires.
Although happiness is a common value of humanity, but rarely find "happiness" target-centered human progressive realization. But the saga of government and administration, often one of the goals is to get.
Many times, people tend to believe that this philosophy has spread to contain the material and cultural invasion from the outside world inside Bhutan. When the very basis of this philosophy is universal, there is no reason why it should be perceived as a shield against external influence in the world.
No benefits denied scientific, technological and economic, but just wondering how these benefits actually increase human happiness. These focus on the material benefits and spiritual fulfillment.
Where does this philosophy standing among Western philosophies? Hegel and Marx believed that the evolution of societies would end when mankind had achieved a form of society that would satisfy their deepest longings and most fundamental. The presumption is that happiness is automatic once the goal is met. However, there will be an end to human wishes and desires? It is doubtful that one has to analyze within the paradigm of objective reality. Therefore, one has to focus on the key element of "spiritual value", which can limit human need and achieve happiness. Of course, even Hegel believed that not a materialist account of history, based on the "struggle for recognition". According to him, there can be happiness after all humans are recognized at par. Is you want to be recognized as a human being with dignity, that took man to the beginning of the story in a bloody battle to the death of prestige.
According to Friedrich Nietzsche, once the man is happy with his happiness, he is unable to feel any sense of shame for failing to raise these needs, the last man ceases to be human. Interestingly, he says that "liberal democracy" will produce ways to satisfy a series of miserable requests through the calculation of long-term interests.
Literally, it seems there is a great similarity between Gross National Happiness and Jeremy Bentham's theory of utilitarianism where the emphasis was on the "sacred truth" that men inevitably pursue pleasure and avoid pain, and "most happiness of the greatest number is the foundation of morals and legislation. "The presumption is that all morality could be derived from" enlightened self-interest. " His idea was that the greatest happiness of the greatest number should govern the trial of all institutions and this brings the action and close to the theory of development from the perspective of Gross National Happiness.
Of course, the difference between these two philosophies being that the former is too logical and mechanical rationalization of the facts, while the latter believes in spiritual values as well.
Some believed that Gross National Happiness is achieved in the "where everybody cares enough and everybody shares enough so that everyone has enough" otherwise is nothing more than a utopian concept that best suits Brainstorming intellectuals ".
Hereditary monarchy dates from December 17, 1907, when Sir Ugyen Wangchuck was crowned as the first hereditary king of Bhutan and ruled from 1907-1926. His Majesty King Jigme Wangchuck ruled from 1926 to 1952 and His Majesty King Jigme Dorji Wangchuk 1952-1972.
In the course of time, the activities planned development where under taken and the country joined the World Trade Organization, and the Colombo Plan in 1962, the Universal Postal Union in 1969, and the United Nations in 1971 to strengthen and maintain the international relations.
This His Majesty King Jigme Singye Wangchuck was born on November 11, 1955, in Dechencholing Palace in Thimphu. He had studied in Darjeeling and later moved to England for higher education. On his return to England, studied at the Ugyen Wangchuck Academy in Paro in Bhutan receive education only.
On June 2, 1974, when he was only 18 years old, His Majesty was officially crowned as the fourth king of Bhutan in Tashichodzong. On the occasion of the coronation, for the first time in history, Bhutan opened its doors to a large gathering of foreign dignitaries and for the first time the international press was allowed to enter the kingdom.
The following are the basic objectives established by His Majesty King Jigme Singye Wangchuck of Bhutan Development:
- Gross National Happiness
- Social and economic prosperity
- Popular Participation
- System Administration-strong and efficient
- National Self-Reliance
- Preservation of Culture and Tradition
- Cultural Environment Preservation
- Population Growth Planning
- One nation, one people.
The royal wedding was a major national event for the people of Bhutan, as it fulfilled the long cherished dream to ensure the line of succession to the throne.
His Majesty the King and Queens Majesties have five princess and five princesses, including the Crown Prince, His Royal Highness Dasho Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck.
With their selfless dedication and hard work in the service of the people, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck has won not only the great love and loyalty at home but abroad respect. His close contact with ordinary people and their deep concern for the welfare of people do really a 'Monarch of the People'.
Bhutan is a landlocked country located between the Tibet Autonomous Region, China in the north and India in the south along the high mountains of the eastern Himalayas. It lies between 88 ° 92 ° 45'and 'east longitude and between 26 ° 40' 10 and 28 ° 15 'north latitude. It covers 46,500 square kilometers and has a population of 650,000 with seventy-five percent of the population living in the cultivation and livestock breeding.
The country can be divided into three major geographic areas: the southern hills and plains with hot and humid weather, hills and valleys in the center with moderate rainfall and northern highlands, with high mountains covered with snow almost all year round . Bhutan is the land of ravines and valleys complex, high snow peaks, mountains and steep slopes, rain forests and hillsides, lakes and waterfalls, magnificent rivers and fast-flowing streams and the richest biodiversity of flora and fauna.
The people of Bhutan can be divided into three main ethnic groups: Sharchops, living in the east of the country, is believed to be the earliest inhabitants of Bhutan. They are Indo-Mongoloid origin and are closely related to the inhabitants of northeastern India and northern Burma. The Tibetan descent Ngalongs are migrated to Bhutan in the ninth century and settled west of the country. The third group Lhotsampas Nepalese origin who settled in the foothills of southern Bhutan in the mid 19th century. There are other minority groups in Bhutan as Layap, Brokpa sect, Doya, Lhopu, Dhakpa and Lepcha.
The men wear a garment called Knee "Gho", which resembles the kilt. The women wear 'Kira' a long robe that is wrapped around the body that covers from neck to ankles. Women often wear heavy silver and gold necklaces with gemstones, coral, turquoise and others. Rings and earrings adorned with pearls and turquoise are also popular.
The first inhabitants of Bhutan practice 'Bonism', a practice of animal sacrifices and worshiping inanimate objects such as mountains, lakes, rivers, trees and rocks. With the arrival of Buddhism in the seventh century of the country Bonism gradually disappeared.
Official religion is Drukpa Kagye, Tantric Mahayana school of Buddhism, which is similar to Tibetan Buddhism, but has unique beliefs and practices. The country's religious issue is addressed by the Je Khenpo (Chief Abbot), which also has a power equal to that of the king. Bhutanese people of Nepali origin in practice south of Hinduism.
The national language of Bhutan is Dzongkha, which is widely spoken in the western region. The eastern region Sharchop speak, where people speak in southern Nepal.
English has been used as a medium of instruction in schools and colleges. Kuensel national circulation of the country is written in English, Dzongkha and Nepali.
The staple food is rice Bhutan and abundant vegetables with chili. Bhutan eat chilli incredible. It is used as such in place of vegetable spices. Most Bhutanese prefer 'Emadatse "a dish full of mixed peppers and cheese.
The meat is widely consumed in Bhutan. The common meat includes pork, beef, chicken, fish and yak meat. The Bhutanese also eat a variety of vegetables, including potatoes, fern, cabbage, spinach, cauliflower, beans and mushrooms.
In the center of Bhutan, buckwheat is grown as a major cereal. The rice is not grown due to the high altitude. The Bumthang region is famous for its buckwheat. The Bhutanese like taking "suja" (butter tea) and 'Ara', an alcohol distilled from the brewery locally produced rice, wheat, maize or corn. Drinks are also used as part of the deal, while the performance of ceremonies at different times.
Bhutan's national sport is archery. Bows and arrows are made of special type of bamboo. Bhutan also popularly used branded carbonite Hoyt bows.
Bhutan also practiced western sports like football, basketball and volleyball. Basketball has become popular especially among young people and students. Badminton, golf, table tennis, cricket, tennis and taekondo also reproduced.
Modern entertainments like movies, discos and pool halls have sprung freely in large cities. These places are usually attended by students, businessmen and public officials.
The annual festival called "Tshechu. 'Is one of the most exciting experiences that visitors can take in Bhutan. Held in honor of Guru Padmasambhava who visited Bhutan in the seventh century.
During Tshechu, monks and laymen perform masked dances and religious satire. It is also time for people to socialize and rejoice. Men, women and children dress in their finest silks and brocades, and interweaving of colors and ghos kiras.
In some festivals you can witness the opening of a "thongdrel" (a giant appliqué thangka), which hangs on a wall in the courtyard of the Dzong. Punakha Dzong is the largest thongdrel in Bhutan.
Followed Bhutan marriage of convenience that once. Today love marriages are common. No child marriage in Bhutan.
Bhutan's marriage can be a complicated affair informal ceremonies, depending on the family situation. The wedding ceremony ends in dancing and feasting.
In less affluent families, young people begin to live together and declare themselves married and often is not even verbally announced. No dowry in Bhutan. However, in some remote areas there is a system of giving wine, grain and pigs slaughtered as gifts to the girl's parents. People in the monitoring system south Indian marriage.
Bhutan's traditional arts and architecture are unique. They are very decorative and ornamental. The traditional architecture of Bhutan has no nails or iron bars
The Bhutanese architectural grandeur is exhibited in the form of dzongs, monasteries, temples, chortens and traditional Bhutanese houses. Dzong architecture is one of the most elegant and harmonious world. The genius of art is best expressed in Bhutan frescoes and paintings. Bhutanese thangkas and mandalas represent an artistic skill and a rare exquisite finesse. The mandala or mystic circle represents the Buddhist concept of cosmogony of the universe. The statues are made of wood, stone, bronze, coral, pearl and other costly materials, which represents fine craftsmanship of Bhutanese artists.
Bhutan has about 72% of its area covered by forest. More than 5000 species of plants grow in Bhutan. These include 300 species of medicinal plants, over 50 species of rhododendron and 600 species of orchids.
The wide variety of wildlife including elephants, tigers, buffalo, a one horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), leopards (panthara pardus), gaur, red pandas, monkeys, langurs, wild boar, deer, black bears white collar, yaks (BOS gruniens) thar (Hemitragus jemlahicus) and Goral (Naemorhedus goral). The brown trout and native fish found in the rivers and lakes of the north, while in the south of the rivers are full of masheer.